There are many areas around the country that are prone to flooding and heavy rainfall. Indoor flooding can not only damage your personal belongings, but also your property and its consequent value! In addition, flooding can also produce mold and poor air quality.
Typically, water gets into basements through sewer lines, cracks in the wall or floor, windows, doors, and the sump basin.
If you want to take steps to prevent basement flooding, here are some tips on how to flood-proof your home so your valuables and property stay safe from damage.
1. Fix Any Leaks
If you notice any leaks or drafts, make sure you address the issue as soon as you can. Don’t wait until a flood warning is issued as you may risk a quick and improper fix. For leaks in the wall, use caulk which is a waterproof sealant. For doors or windows, use a weather-strip.
2. Install Backwater Valves
If there is ever a sewage backup, it could cause contaminated water to flood your basement. To prevent this issue from arising, install a backwater valve to prevent outbound water from back flowing into your home.
3. Clean Your Gutters
If your gutters become full of debris, the overflow of rainwater could instead be directed toward the property instead of away. A consequence of this happening is basement flooding! Make sure you clean your gutters at least once every season.
4. Don’t Plant Close to the House
If you love to garden, ensure you don’t plant a tree too close to your home. Tree roots can grow as long as 20 feet! Roots can crack concrete and restrict proper drainage.
5. Install a French Drain
Also known as a weeping tile, a French drain is a trench with a perforated pipe that helps redirect water which is great for areas prone to flooding. The cost depends on the depth and width but comparing costs can help you find the cheapest option.
6. Use Downspout Extensions
A downspout extension is an addition to the downspout that helps direct rainwater down the side of your home. This extension will help divert water further away from your home, thus saving your basement from possible flooding.
7. Install a Sump Pump
A sump pump is a pump that helps keep the basement or crawlspace dry. They are placed in specially constructed sump pits. Make sure you annually check it to determine if it’s working properly and replace it when it’s not.
8. Consider Flood Insurance
If you have taken preventive measures but want extra coverage in case your home ever floods, consider getting flood insurance. The cost depends on the type of coverage you get, and may be lower if you show adequate proof of your preventative measures.